If youve ever gone through a bankruptcy, you know how emotionally difficult it can be. There are also ongoing financial repercussions, including effects on your credit score and report. Yes, you reduce or eliminate debts, but the tradeoff for this is that your ability to get credit in the future is impacted.
With that being said, it is possible to buy a home after bankruptcy, but its going to take some planning and preparation, as well as quite a bit of patience.
One big question a lot of people have is how long after bankruptcy can they buy a home?
If you want to get a mortgage, your bankruptcy has to be discharged. A discharge means that a court has >
A discharge of debts is one component of bankruptcy, and it doesnt mean your bankruptcy process is over, but it is something lenders will want to see before you buy a new home. A bankruptcy case is usually closed pretty soon after the discharge.
After bankruptcy, youll want to monitor your credit report. Bankruptcy filings may stay on your credit report for as long as ten years, but theres a misconception that you have to wait that long before you can get a new mortgage, which isnt the case.
You want to make sure your credit report is accurate, and if youre thinking about applying for a mortgage, make sure youre monitoring for any debts that have been discharged or repaid.
Along with ensuring theres no outdated or wrong information, focus on rebuilding your credit after a bankruptcy. If you want to qualify for a mortgage after a bankruptcy, you have to show lenders youre ready and youre not too much of a risk.
Right after your bankruptcy, you might have limited credit available to you. Start rebuilding with something like a secured credit card or a small installment loan.
You need to make your payments on-time and in full each month.
If youre wondering how long the bankruptcy itself affects your credit, it can depend. A chapter 7 bankruptcy will usually stay on your report for up to 10 years after you file.
A chapter 13 bankruptcy tends to have less stigma in the lenders eyes because you make payments under a court-approved program. After seven years, a chapter 13 bankruptcy should be taken off your credit report.
Even if the bankruptcy is still on your report, the importance should gradually diminish as you rebuild your credit in other areas.
Theres not necessarily a set amount of time you should wait to apply for a mortgage after a bankruptcy, but a good rule of thumb is a minimum of two years.
There are a few reasons for this. Two years gives you time to rebuild your credit in a pretty meaningful way. This means youre not just more likely to qualify for a mortgage but also get better terms.
Even a small change in your interest rate can have a big effect on your monthly payments and how much you pay over the life of your loan.
If you faced bankruptcy at one point and you dont have a lot of money to put toward a down payment, you may have the option of an FHA or VA loan.
FHA loans are geared toward buyers who are purchasing their first home or dont have great credit. The FHA doesnt make the loans, but they guarantee loans made by private lenders, reducing the lenders risk.
There is a waiting period.
The FHA will consider you for a mortgage two years after a chapter 7 discharge, but you need to meet certain credit requirements. For a chapter 13 discharge, the FHA might guarantee a loan a year after your filing if you made your bankruptcy payments on time.
Youll have to get permission from the court to take on new debt if you buy a home while youre in chapter 13.
The Department of Veterans Affairs backs VA loans. Theyre available to certain veterans and service members as well as some spouses. VA loans require a two-year waiting period after a chapter 7 discharge, and youll need to meet minimum credit score requirements.
Finally, if youre thinking about a conventional loan, you might have to wait anywhere from 24 to 48 months to qualify following a chapter 7 bankruptcy. With a chapter 13 bankruptcy, most lenders will make you wait 24 months after discharge.